Board of Directors

Pradman P. Kaul

President, Hughes Network Systems L.L.C.

Effective August 1, 2011, Pradman P. Kaul became a member of the EchoStar Board of Directors. Mr. Kaul also serves as the President of Hughes Network Systems L.L.C., a wholly owned subsidiary of EchoStar. Previously, Mr. Kaul served as the Chief Operating Officer, Executive Vice President and Director of Engineering of Hughes Network Systems, LLC ("HNS" and, together with Hughes Communications, Inc., "Hughes"), a wholly owned subsidiary of Hughes Communications, Inc. Before joining HNS in 1973, Mr. Kaul worked at COMSAT Laboratories in Clarksburg, Maryland. Mr. Kaul received a Bachelor of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from The George Washington University and a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering from the University of California at Berkeley. He holds numerous patents and has published articles and papers on a variety of technical topics concerning satellite communications. Mr. Kaul has been inducted as a member of the National Academy of Engineering. With over 37 years of experience at Hughes, Mr. Kaul has a deep knowledge and understanding of the satellite industry.